Investor Profile Test | What Type of Investor Are You? | What Are Mutual Funds?| A Fund for Every Investor | How Mutual Funds Work | Purchasing Your Funds | What About Risk | Tracking Your Investment | The Terms | Tips on Funds | Mutual Funds Fees | How You Make Money
How Mutual Funds Work
The principle behind Mutual Funds is simple. You pool your money with many other individuals into a fund. The fund buys shares in a group of stocks. A professional fund manager oversees the selection, purchase and sale of the stocks themselves. Details such as enrolling you in the program, accounting and reporting your earnings and losses to you are handled by the fund administrator.
One of the benefits of mutual funds is that you do not have to buy a "block" of shares, as you do on the stock market. You can round off your investment to an amount such as $500 and own an odd number of shares, or even a portion of a share. Another benefit of mutual funds is that with most funds, you can add to your initial investment over time. Funds are either open-end or closed-end. With an open-end fund, anyone can buy into a fund at any time. And they can make additional purchases of shares at any time. A closed-end fund starts by issuing a limited number of shares. Once they've all been issued, you must buy existing shares from another investor through a broker.
There are costs associated with owning shares in a mutual fund. Unless you purchase a no-load fund, you will pay a fee, known as a "load", upon either purchase or redemption of your shares. There are also annual fees to cover the funds operating expenses. These are all discussed in on the Fees page.
What About Risk?
Because of the risk you are taking, it is very important that you do your homework. And before you invest, obtain a copy of the prospectus and study it carefully.
Offer Price: What you actually pay for your shares. If this is higher than the NAV, it includes a front-end load. If you've added to your initial investment with subsequent purchases of shares, the offer price for the subsequent shares will be different from those purchased with your initial investment. It's important to keep track of the date and amount of each investment, so you have a good understanding of how much your shares have grown.
NAV Change: You will see this term on lists of mutual funds in papers like the Wall Street Journal. It refers to how much the price of an individual share increased or decreased since the market close of the previous day. The amount always has a plus or minus next to it.
Liquidity: Mutual funds are very liquid. The fund will buy back shares at any time.
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